This is my grow room without any plants in it, and I have to clean this room up today. Before I clean it up, I wanted to show you guys exactly how I set up my room as a four-light operation. Now, this is taken into consideration that I’ve been growing for about six years now. So, this is everything that I’ve learned, and what I think is important in a grow operation.
I will be a little bit more thorough, that way if you’re a beginner and intermediate or you’re an advanced grower, and you want some information you might find something. Thank you to everyone that’s wishing me well on the hand, it’s getting good. As you can see, I’ve got the elbow cast on this week or the below the elbow cast. So, it gives me a little bit more freedom of range. I can’t really pick up too much weight yet, but I can do little things like handle small stuff, type, handle a mouse now, so it’s going to make editing a lot easier.
All right, so I figured I’d start with the big stuff; the lights and the electrical. I did all of it myself, but I did consult an electrician friend of mine, but in fairness, I’ve been in the trades for over 20 years. I’ve been a painter, and I’ve been around carpenters, electricians, plumbers. I’m pretty well versed in most of the trades. I could do a lot of repairs on the house, I’m very comfortable doing rehabs. With that said, I still wanted to consult an electrician to make sure I did not burn down my house. I will apologize for the lighting now. I don’t want to turn on the big lights because I have to adjust the white balance. So, it’ll be slightly dim, I think you’ll get a good gist of what’s going on in my room, even though the lighting isn’t the best. All right roll yourself up a fatty and for the next few minutes, I’ll show you what I think is important in a grow and if I were going to set up a room as a newer grower how I would do it. Let’s do this!
The reason it is important to have a grow room set up correctly, is so that our environment is exactly what the plants need- genetics aside. The most important thing you can do for your plants is have a good environment. What do I consider a good environment? I like high 70’s during veg and flower, even during veg if it hits 80’s, I’m not unhappy with that. During flower, I’d like it to stay in the high 70’s and then when I start flushing around week 7, week 8, I like to drop it into the low 70’s. To get that kind of control in your environment sometimes you have to manipulate a few things around.
I’m going to show you several things that I had to deal with and most of the way I have my room setup is as a result of, over a period of about three or four years as things came up like heat issues or issues of having too much cool in the room. Then, I would adjust things, and I would set things up differently so that I could control my environment to best suit my plants.
Let’s talk about the lights. So, the hoods that I have here are from Sun System, through the triple XL dominators. These hoods are enclosed, and they’re sealed with glass and you can attach tubing in between them for cooling them. I’ve got a string attached to these so that I canter in toward the center. This rooms a little wider than I need, so I’m limited on where I could mount the lights as you can see, I’m forced to mount it between the duct work here. So, I have these little strings that I can attach, it actually allows me to canter it in as you can see it’s slightly tilted towards the middle.
I really like that feature in this garden. I don’t like the width of the room. I wish I could put the lights a little closer and give myself a perimeter walk around but since I’m scragging and here that’s pretty hard to do. I like these lights because they have catches on these, and you can just unscrew these, and it allows for really easy access when you’re cleaning them. Also, if you have to change a bulb, as a matter of fact this particular fixture went out this time, and I had to get in here to change a bulb. You can see the opening here where we can attach a hose on the back of this. And we can take it to an outside air source if we want to and draw air through this completely. If we had CO2 running in here that’s what we’d want. We wouldn’t want to pull the air out of the room and waste the CO2. I don’t run CO2, so you can see the backs of these are open and it just pulls hot air out of this room and pulls it directly out to where I wanted to, which I will show you in just a minute. One caveat I will add about these hoods is, if I had it to do over again, knowing I was going to run four lights; I would have gone with the 8 inches instead of the 6-inches. The 8-inches would have allowed more airflow and I probably could have cut one less hole in the side of my house.
I’m going to show you how to vent out now. You can see I have 6-inch tubes attached to these 6-inch openings and I built a couple of pieces of wood here just to kind of hold these up. You can see I have this hose here which comes from the two lights on this side of the room. This light you can see right here as you can see the hose coming off of it up through here, and it attaches to two of these vortex fans. I actually own four of these vortex fans, two are here and I’m going to show you where the other two are in a minute.
I like to pull the heat from the lights. I know some people that will push it from the other side, but I think it jams up too much and I’ve tried both ways, this way actually keeps the temps way cooler than pushing it from the other side. It’s way harder to control for me. So, once they get through these tubes, you can see I’ve got all kinds of a ‘rat’s nest’ over here and I’m going to explain to you what all this is. I’ve got one set up for summer and One set up for winter. All right, so the two vortex fans, there’s two tubes hooked up here that are pulling this are this way ignore these two right now. I’ll show you what these are in just a minute. That’s the best I can do with the lighting on this one, but it goes into a ‘T’ right here. So, I’ve got both of the lines coming into this ‘T’ right here and then it feeds into this line right here.
This is my winter setup. It feeds into this vortex fan right here. And then this tube right here, feeds right up into here and it actually goes right up into this duct working. So, you can see I’ve got a loose duck up here. When I bought this house is actually was not attached. I didn’t know that till I started to grow in here. So, it was almost like a gift. So, there’s actually a hole in the top of this duct working where this one was never attached. And this heat, I put right back into my duct work which goes right into my vents and helps heat my house in the winter while my 1000-watt lights are on. I can’t do that in the summer, so that’s where the other two tubes come in and I’ll show you what I use those for.
You can see them hanging here and these actually go to the outside. On the outside of the building it just looks like a couple of dryer exhaust. These actually go right outside. Right now, I just have some plastic stuffed up in here, but if you feel these tubes are actually cool. On days that it’s fair mild in the winter, this room likes to creep up, so I can actually pull the plastic out and these act as passive drawers to pull outside air in and keep CO2 rich air into the grow.
All right, you can see them right here, they’re the white ones. Now, I have these wrapped in panda film because this is an outside wall. And if I’m flowering at night like I sometimes do, I cover it with panda film, so I don’t get light leaks through there. During the summer when I don’t need to put heat back in the house. I hook the two squirrel fans up right to these two tubes and it shoots the heat right outside. Also, since I have a hole in the duct, when the summertime comes around if I’m having too much heat outside if it’s really, really hot. I’m running the air in my house anyway, and I can adjust the opening on that duct to allow some air into this room and cool it that way. So, I don’t have a separate air conditioner. Although, if I were in a hot area and I didn’t have house air conditioning to use, I would have a separate air conditioner hooked up to this wall and pulling in right here.
Alright, let’s talk about this mess behind me here. These are my ballast, and this is my timer box. It’s a Titan controller box and it’s a Helios 3. You can get this in either 110 or 240, I like mine to 240, I just like the way it reduces the power output a little bit. I got the one with the timer built-in, but you can get the one without the timer and add an external timer if you like. The advantage to that is if the timer breaks it you can just replace the timer. If this timer breaks, I have to pull this box and put a new box on and if this is getting repaired it would just be a bigger pain in the butt. I went with this one anyway.
What I like about this unit is it has another outlet on here as you can see this cord plugs in here and that operates the two vortex fans that pull the heat through the lights. So, when the lights kick on, the two vortex fans kick on and that’s what starts to heat expulsion. So, it just helps me in controlling heat. I don’t have to have two separate timers and try to coordinate that. So, I really like this box!
So, for the power that I’m running in here, you can see this is a pretty heavy-duty cord. I went with an 8-3 and the reason I went with an 8-3 is because originally, I was going to take this whole, the grows over here, I was going to take this whole half over here where I mix all my (newton-10:34) hang stuff and I have all my tables and stuff. I was actually going to have four more lights over here originally. When I moved to this state you could do co-op Gardens, about the time I got my feet wet and I knew what I was doing, they change the laws where we no longer could, but when I powered this I didn’t want to have to rerun power. So, I just went ahead and ran enough so that I could run a helio 7 box which runs eight lights at one time. On the other end of this, this is a 30-amp pulse. I have a 30-amp breaker in my box. If you don’t have a lot of experience with electrical work, you’re going to want to just hire an electrician. I did not need help installing this from the electrician, but I did consult with him to make sure I had the right breaker and the right power cord right here.
Let’s talk about the ballast. These ballasts are Booming Tech thousand-watt digital ballast, and they actually dial up to 1100; at least these purple ones do. They also dial down to 600 when I first bring my plants in here to start vegging, I don’t hit them with a thousand watts, so these could dial down to 600. The blue one up here in the corner that does not dial up to 1100 super Lumen, but it goes from 600-1000. The three purple ones actually do dial up to 1100 super Lumen.
That covers the electrical. Now I’m going to show you the other things that I think are really important in a grow up. All right, you can see this hose hanging here. I normally have an extra length on here as well. But I went ahead and tapped into my cold-water line here and I put a little turn spigot it on here so that I could just draw water out of here.
This isn’t necessary, you don’t need fresh water intake in here. But I got tired of carrying it from a few rooms away and going back and forth to try to fill up the buckets and mix the nutrients. So, my cold water comes in at 54 degrees. So, the one thing I do have to be careful about is to make sure that I run my water a couple days before I’m going to water, so that it has time to acclimate to the temperature of the room.
Also, guys one thing I thought was worth mentioning is, when I’m storing water, I will use this. This is a big air pump, and I can hook up multiple lines on this, and I will run an air stone into the reservoir, and I will keep oxygenated water running through that. Having an oxygen in the water helps root production, and it just keeps the plant much healthier and more vigorous.
This is your best friend. This is a dehumidifier, and unless you live in a desert environment, you’re going to need one of these, especially when you get a big canopy under four lights. A lot of times during the day time, you won’t notice a big deal because the lights are on, but at nighttime, the humidity likes to spike up. So, we need one of these to control our humidity. You can see this one pulls quite a bit of water. It’s a decent-sized unit. It has a catch in here, but I’ve attached to hoses, and it allows it to go into a bucket on the side. That way I don’t have to empty that every single day. I can go two or three days before I have to empty that, it just makes my life a little bit easier, but you’re going to want a dehumidifier.
One thing I’m going to tell you about these dehumidifiers is, they have lights on top, and any kind of light in your grow is a light leak unless it’s green. It could cause Hermes; it could cause all kinds of issues and slow the production in your garden. So, you see I have duct tape above this, and I also have some gorilla tape above the light here. So, I have two layers of tape. So, if I want to adjust this up or down, I have to pull the tape and hit the buttons. That way the light doesn’t reflect into the room. I keep this set at 55% humidity
Right next to my dehumidifier is my door. I put panda film all over the growth. The reason I use panda film is I wasn’t sure if I was going to be staying in this location, so I didn’t want to make it permanent with walls. This whole room is studded, and I could do whatever I wanted to do. If I were going to stay here permanently, I would have used some insulation wall that has silver reflectivity on one side and styrofoam on the other. The backing of styrofoam and the face that will be toward the plants would be a reflective silver material. I will show you some here. It’s pretty popular in this state as you can imagine. But since I wasn’t going to stay, I just got a roll of this panda film for about a hundred bucks. It’s 100 ft × 10 ft, and it allows me to stretch it around the room. The nice thing about the panda films is, I can also make a big chart of my feeding throughout the growth. This is a 3 ½ or 4-month chart right here. It’s in permanent marker in the backing, but I use dry erase to add everything else. You can see there are still some notes up here from my last crop, and what I do before I erase this is, I just take a picture of it and then I have a digital record of what I did my last crop.
I have two oscillating fans in here. These are 16-inch fans, and they go back and forth over the plants. I have one on this corner, and I have one on the opposite corner over here. When there are plants in here, I also have a small box fan that blows underneath the plants; a good air circulation really helps the plants.
It builds strength in the stocks and stems, and it makes it much harder for bugs to get around and lay eggs when the winds blowing all over the place. If you have traps up, it helps to get them onto the traps and not laying so many eggs. So oscillating fans are important.
While I’m here, I will show you this. This is a daily high low, indoor/outdoor thermometer. Why do you want one of these? Because you want to know what your temp and your humidity is when you’re not in here at its lowest point or its highest point. So, when the lights are out, and you can’t come check it you can check when you come in, hit the high low and it’ll tell you what the high and the low was. Why is that important? The best crops at least the ones that I have grown and had the best production on I don’t have more than a 15° swing in Fahrenheit from my high to my low. So, knowing what your high/low is, is very, very important. You notice this comes with a cable and the probe is right here. So, I can hang this right at the top of the plants and know exactly what my temperature is at the canopy level. That’s very important. We don’t really care what the temperature is in the corner behind us. We want to know what the temperature is right where our buds are.
Alright, let’s talk about a few things up here. I’ve got a couple shelves in here, and it just makes my life a lot easier when I’m trying to keep my grow organized. I keep all my nutrients up here at easy access to these tables, and as you can see, I’ve got some popcorn drying on these tables right now.
So, they’re in use, so during a growth, they would not be. I’d have a few things that I’m using to feed on top and I keep my feeding chart right here as well. So that as I’m mixing my nutrients, I’ve got everything at my fingertips, I need to do it correctly. These are my pH and my EC pens. I don’t use the pH ones. I don’t like it. I like to use the hand drop. I just think it’s a lot easier for me and then I’m comfortable that it’s accurate. When I use the pens, I have to double-check anyway, so I figure why do that. I do like the EC pen; you can see they get stored in water. These are my calibration solutions, my pH up, my pH down. This is my bug prevention area, my green cleaner, my mosquito bits, extra dopplers, measuring glasses. These are my cleaning supplies, my Windex, my bleach, my sponges, everything I need right here.
Over here, I’ve got rubber gloves and a few different sizes. So, if I’m not the only one trimming, other people are here, they can get the size that they need. You can’t see but all the way in the end I keep my journals. So, as I’m doing anything in the garden not only do I keep it on the panda film calendar, but I write down the day, the date, the humidity high and low, everything that I did in the garden that day; whether I fed them, whether I lollipop them, if I just did a cleanup in the crop everything I do I monitor. That way if I have an exceptionally good crop, I’m able to repeat, and if I have a really bad crop, maybe I had a lockout or something like that and it helps me track what I did wrong. So, I’m a big journaler, I love having journals. I don’t use as much anymore. But when I first started growing what I did was, I went to Google, and I just typed in cannabis deficiencies and all kinds of pictures came up and charts and what I did was just print them out and I put them all in this book.
I also added some pictures of problems that I’ve had; deficiencies, light burn and other kinds of bug that I had. When I had spider mites and russet mites, I took pictures of it so that I knew what it looked like. This is a nice easy way if you are a new grower, to have a quick reference, where you don’t have to go up and get on your computer. Once I did five or six crops, I kind of knew all the deficiencies what they look like and most of the problems that I was going to have. If you’re a newer grower you might want to have this.
All right, this is pretty much it. So, the first thing I’ll tell you that I really, really enjoying here is the stool. Now, I have concrete floors which makes it very, very easy for me to get around. Having these wheels, I can get under the scrag, it just allows me a lot more access to the plant.
These are knee pads. I really like these sometimes you got to crawl under your plants. And if you’re crawling around on concrete your knees can get sore very quickly. These are very cheap pair, I got at the dollar store for I think three bucks. So yeah, I mean they work fine in here.
Watering totes, I love these things. These were a game changer for me. I have two different sizes; I have a 20 gallon; I actually have two of these 20 gallons. I like these because when you’re moving water around it’s very, very heavy. So, I have these for mixing, I like to mix into 20 gallons because it goes under the scrag very easily for me, and then I fill this one as a backup because we have lost power here before. And if it’s a few days before you get it back my well water is run on electricity.
So, I need the electric on for the pump to work. So, if I lose my power, I like to have this as a backup. I like these not only because they roll around, but they slide right under my tables and they store very easily tucked away. This is stool, obviously, nothing fancy, but if I have to work on the lights and reach over the plants while they’re big and the scrag zone. This allows me access over my garden. I also use this to access the water and turn it on because it’s a little bit of a reach for me as high as it is. So, I really like having a little stool and it helps you get around the garden as well.
This is a 20-pound CO2 tank. I have a couple of these, I don’t run CO2 when I flower, but I do like to run it for a week or two while I am vegging. I have a regulator that this hooks up to and then that plugs into a monitor in the wall and I can set it anywhere I want. However, many PPM’s is CO2, I want in the air; from 300- 1500, whatever I want to do. Obviously the higher you set it to more gas you are going to use. I’ll usually set it about 7 or 800. I know a lot of people like to run it at 1500 parts per million, but I don’t run it while I’m flowering anyway, and the reason I run it during veg is it allows you a little bit quicker growth and veg so you can get your lights to 12-12 a little bit faster.
These are carbon filters. These are for older. I wanted to show you the difference in the size of these. For a for light operation, I recommend one at least this size. This is nice as an extra one if I am hanging and drying stuff, the house can get fairly stinky. So, I’ll run both of these. The way you run these at least the way I do, is I just put one of those vortex fans that I showed you earlier that hook up to the lights. They go right on top of this it pulls air through, and this one would have a pre filter on it like this, but it got removed it’s old. When it runs you put a pre-filter on it like this and it catches more dirt and dust and stuff like that, so it extends the life of this. So, I go through about two or three of these before I get rid of these. These will last me about one year, sometimes a little bit more.
You know, when you got to change it your house stinks. This is very, very important because even if you’re in a legal state like me, you don’t want people walking by your house and smell it because they might not be really nice people. They might want to steal your crop from you or rob you or hold you at gun point. It just gets rid of a lot of issues that you might otherwise have. You don’t want nosy neighbors peeking around,
These are sprayers. I have two different sizes. I use these for preventative bug treatment and I also use them for cleaning my room, when I’m spraying water and soap or bleach solutions. I will use these it just lets me spread the moisture around a lot quicker. This one I use for preventative bug treatment and I do most of my preventive bug treatment when the plants are either clones or very small veg. No more than one gallon in the pot unless I see bugs that I will continue to spray. I like this one because it holds three gallons and if I need to do a bigger job, I can put this on and I can apply a lot more. If you have to treat plants, if you know you have bugs, I recommend a backpack like this. These are about $100 at Home Depot and it’s one of the best investments I’ve ever spent in this place. Not only does it help you really get ahold of your plants if you got to treat them for bugs, but it also allows you to clean your room and a very quick fashion.
The only other thing I will add is I have two sets of hooks, which I will show you here and those allow me two layers of scragging. So, I can have a scrag about this level which is right at the top of the tomato cages and then I have another one up about 9 or 10-inches which allows me as second layer of trellising once the plant stretch up and it’ll hold those big buds up really nicely.
That’s pretty much the tour of the grow. If you guys have questions you can put them in the comments. I will do my best to get to him as soon as I can. Let’s go upstairs, I want to share a few things that I wish I had known as a newer grower.
So, these are just a few things that I wish I had known when I first became a grower that since I have learned have made me a better grower. And, I encourage any of you who have been growing a while that had a tip like this to leave it in the comments. That way newer growers can actually see your advice as well. These are not in any particular order. I’m just going to tell you the five that I think are most important number one as much as possible. No.1- As much as possible, don’t take other people’s clones and genetics. Try not to buy clones from dispensaries, 99% of the problems I’ve got in my grow have come from other people’s clones for dispensary clones that I did not know about. If you are going to take loans from your friend or you’re going to take him from a dispensary and buy them and quarantine those clones for one month away from all your other plants. Do not put them in your normal veg. Don’t put them in your normal room at any kind. Put them in the closet get them a separate light and keep an eye on them. Once, you know, they’re healthy put them back into your rotation and then you won’t have problems from other people’s crops
No.2- This one’s an important one. Start with good genetics. Try not to take a seed from your buddies’ bag and do it. Try not to take seeds that you don’t know where they came from. Try to get seeds from a reputable dealer or someone that you know is a good breeder. Good genetics are a must, I don’t care how good your room environment is if you do not have good genetics, you are not going to have good plants overall!
No.3- Less is more with the nutrients. This is something I wish I had learned right away. Your plants will always produce more with a little bit of a deficiency than they will with any kind of a toxicity at all. So, less nutrients, a little bit of a hungry plant is going to do way more. It’s just like us if we eat a huge meal and we have too much food in us for sluggish, we don’t want to produce. If we are a little bit hungry, we’ll move, especially if we know there’s food on the way. Clean, clean, clean! Be clean; sweep your floors after every crop, break the room down bleach everything, bleach your reservoirs. Keep all of your scissors clean, clean; everything between crops, be clean, mop, sweep, take the time to be a good clean grower.
I can’t tell you; I can’t even watch videos of people that don’t keep their grow clean. It just drives me crazy to see clutter and peoples grows. It is just open door for pests and spiders and spider mites and everything that we don’t like. I told you 99% of the problems you’re going to get are from other people’s genetics. The other 1% is going to come from you not cleaning your grow.
And finally, I don’t want to say it’s the most important, but I would definitely rank it up there. If you’re going to do this, especially if you’re going to do this for other patients, or you plan on doing this for a living, do something you’re proud of. Take the time to research and study, do your homework, grow high quality medicine, if it’s worth doing it’s worth doing right. If your heart’s not in it or you’re doing it for profit, you’re not going to be any good at it anyway. You’re in it for the wrong reason, that’s fine. But one other thing I would tell you that I think is really important. Do this legally, stay legal guys! This is not worth going to jail for there’s not a lot of money in this. Even when I was allowed to take donations from patients, there’s not a lot of money in this.
That’s pretty much it. I hope you enjoyed it. That’s my setup and kind of my philosophy and what I’ve learned over the years in growing. Hopefully, you may have learned something today that will help you become a better grower. I am going to do a shout-out and it is going to Crooky 710. Just check that one of his videos. It was day 48 on his 10 strain grow and he is doing a fantastic job. The buds look spectacular, I will link them in the description below a pop and right up here for you guys